If you have femoroacetabular impingement, is it inevitable that arthritis will eventually set into that hip?

Is it always the case that if you have femoroacetabular impingement (which I have) that arthritis will eventually set into that hip?

Not necessarily though many individuals with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) do indeed eventually develop degenerative changes that lead to arthritis. This is most likely to happen in cases of untreated FAI.Let’s define femoroacetabular impingement and talk about how it can lead to osteoarthritis of the hip joint. Impingement refers to some portion of the soft tissue around the hip socket getting pinched or compressed. Femoroacetabular tells us the impingement is occurring where the femur (thigh bone) meets the acetabulum (hip socket). There are several different types of impingement. They differ slightly depending on what gets pinched and where the impingement occurs.The cam-type of impingement is the most likely to set up conditions ripe for joint wear and tear. This type occurs when the round head of the femur isn’t as round as it should be. It’s more of a pistol grip shape. It’s even referred to as a tilt or pistol grip deformity. The femoral head isn’t round enough on one side (and it’s too round on the other side) to move properly inside the socket.The result is a shearing force on the labrum and the articular cartilage, which is located next to the labrum. The labrum is a dense ring of fibrocartilage firmly attached around the acetabulum (socket). It provides depth and stability to the hip socket. The articular cartilage is the protective covering over the hip joint surface. This abnormal contact between the femur and acetabulum is the leading cause of labral tears and degenerative hip arthritis.Treatment is advised when impingement is painful, limits function, and/or X-rays show potential for joint changes. You may be able to follow a conservative path by modifying activities and carrying out a program of strengthening and stretching exercises. In some cases, surgery is indicated to correct the problem.No one knows for sure who will develop arthritis. Studies are underway to determine how common is the problem and what factors might increase the likelihood of developing arthritis. Your orthopedic surgeon will follow your case and advise you if and when treatment (and what treatment) is appropriate.

For more information on this subject, call The Zehr Center for Orthopaedics at 239-596-0100 or visit www.zehrcenter.com. The information contained herein is compiled from a variety of sources. It may not be complete or timely. It does not cover all diseases, physical conditions, ailments or treatments. The information should NOT be used in place of a visit with your healthcare provider, nor should you disregard the advice of your health care provider because of any information you read in this topic.

Is a labra tear with impingement diagnosis really that complicated?

I finally got a diagnosis for my hip pain: a labral tear with impingement. Seems like they did every imaginable test to figure it out. Is it really that complicated?

The hip is a fairly complex joint. Problems that often seem like they are in the hip really originate from the low back, sacroiliac joint, and even the knee. True hip pain usually occurs in the groin and front of the thigh. But even knowing the problem is in the hip doesn’t identify the true cause. It could be the soft tissues in and around the joint, the articular cartilage inside the joint, or the rim of cartilage around the rim of the hip socket called the labrum.When the labrum is tored, frayed, or damaged in some way, it can get pinched between the head of the femur and the acetabulum (hip socket). This pinching or impingement is what causes the groin pain, loss of hip motion, and sometimes grinding, catching, or locking sensation with certain hip motions. Labral tears can be especially difficult to diagnose because there are often other changes going on in the hip at the same time. The physician relies on a standard physical exam, history, and then special tests to sort it all out. Joint range-of-motion, strength, and a postural assessment provide helpful information. The patient’s report of what makes it better and what makes it worse is also very useful.There is also a pain test that can be done. The surgeon injects a numbing agent similar to novocaine into the hip joint. If the pain goes away, it’s an indiction that the source of the pain is coming from inside the joint. If the pain doesn’t go away, it could still be something around or just outside the joint.But X-rays and sometimes MRIs are often needed to confirm the presence of a torn labrum. And even then, it isn’t until the surgeon performs an arthroscopic exam that the true extent (and possibly cause) of the problem are uncovered.

For more information on this subject, call The Zehr Center for Orthopaedics at 239-596-0100 or visit www.zehrcenter.com. The information contained herein is compiled from a variety of sources. It may not be complete or timely. It does not cover all diseases, physical conditions, ailments or treatments. The information should NOT be used in place of a visit with your healthcare provider, nor should you disregard the advice of your health care provider because of any information you read in this topic.